CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid with various medicinal purposes. It gives you a therapeutic sensation throughout the body without making you high. Studies show that CBD is highly effective for people with mental conditions like anxiety, addiction and stress. The question arises; how does CBD work?
The human body comprises many systems, one of which is the endocannabinoid system that is responsible for the CBD to act in the body. Endocannabinoid system controls several essential functions in the body such as cognitive performance, perception of sensory information, stress management and immunity.
This system is made up of a plethora of various neurotransmitters and receptors, that maintain the stability in the body. The endocannabinoid system is divided into three major components; receptors, endocannabinoids and enzymes.
Enzymes play their part in breaking down the endocannabinoids. Although there are many enzymes present in this system, only two act in this task. Endocannabinoids in the body are responsible for maintaining balance and for running the system naturally. Receptors act as the sites where cannabinoids that enter the body, form bonds. Cannabinoid receptors are present in almost all organs of the human body, though most of them lie in the central nervous system.
CBD compounds enter the body and attach to the two cannabinoid receptors. One is called CB1, which is present mostly in the nervous system, both CBD and THC attach to these receptors. The second one is known as CB2, which is related to the immune system.
The CBD compound enters the body and attaches itself to the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Enzymes at this stage break down the endocannabinoids present in the body. CBD starts working by increasing the number of endocannabinoids that are located in the system.
The therapeutic effect you feel when ingesting CBD edibles or oils are due to its indirect impact on the endocannabinoid system. The system then acts as a balancing agent and relieves the stress and anxiety level in the body.